The Culture of Mexico


While most Mexicans these days prefer the common clothes we see throughout the Western world, many Mexicans maintain the use of a variety of traditional clothes and textiles, especially in the indigenous communities found throughout the country.

Some of the most beautiful examples of indigenous clothing can be found in the states of Oaxaca and Chiapas. The women of these communities often use traditional woven blouses, shawls, and skirts, which are made on a back strap loom.  The huipil is a common form of traditional clothing for women from these areas.  Huipils are blouses made from cotton or wool and are decorated with brilliant colors and complex designs.   Many of the designs found on these garments date from pre-Hispanic times and have religious significance.

Throughout Mexico, both in indigenous and non-indigenous communities, women wrap themselves in colorful rebozos, which are delicately woven shawls made of wool, silk, cotton, or other fibers.  The most expensive rebozos are made of fine silk. While principally used as an adornment, rebozos also serve a multitude of practical purposes.  Many women, especially in rural areas and indigenous communities, wrap up bundles of wood, fruit, or other items to haul from place to place. Rebozos are also used as a type of baby sling. The rebozo has its origins in clothing brought from Spain, but many designs are uniquely Mexican.


Robozos Clothing

Straw and palm hats (sombreros) are often associated with Mexico, especially the extra-wide brimmed sombreros, which are very useful to combat the extreme heat and sun of the arid parts of the country.  Images of the revolutionary heroes Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa always appear with these giant sombreros.  Sombreros de Charro are another version of this common Mexican hat.  Rather than straw or palm, these hats are usually made of felt or some other material.  They also have extra wide brims and are often decorated with sequins and other elaborate details.   You can see these beautiful hats on display during a Charreada, or Mexico Rodeo (See Sports).

Mexican Somberos

In tropical parts of the country, many men favor the light and comfortable Guayabera, a button up shirt that is suitable for casual or formal occasions.  These shirts come in a variety of styles, often with elaborate embroidery.  Guayabera shirts are also a common costume for folkloric dancers from various regions of the country.  Men in the Northern states of Mexico such as Chihuahua are usually associated with cowboy hats and cowboy boots, due to the high numbers of ranches found in this part of the country.

typical clothing of mexico