Geography of Mexico


Mexico’s Unique Geography and Landscapes

Mexico is technically part of North America.  It borders the United States to the north and Belize and Guatemala to the South.  Mexico’s land mass consists of roughly 1,972,550 square kilometers (over 761,605 square miles), including 6,000 square kilometers (over 2,316 square miles) of islands.  The islands include Isla Mujeres, Isla Guadalupe, and the Islas Revillagigedo.  Mexico has coasts formed by where the land touches the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Pacific Ocean.

Mexico has a unique geographical landscape that makes it one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world.  Throughout Mexico, you can find jungles, rivers, lakes, deserts, towering mountains, snow-capped volcanoes, and miles of coastline.  VivaNatura, a non-profit organization devoted to protecting the environments of Mexico, is a great place to look for maps and photos showing the wide range of plants and animals found in Mexico. Link:

Mexico has an impressive collection of endemic species, including plants, insects, birds, and mammals.  Endemic species are species of animals or plants that only live in that particular place, and are found no where else in the world.  Additionally, the diversity of landscapes translates to a wonderful variety of fruits and vegetables that Mexicans enjoy in their diet.  Have you ever sampled the mamey fruit?   Or what about a blacksapote? The mamey fruit is a wonderful sweet fruit which tastes a little like a baked sweet potato.  The black sapote has a green skin and a yet black flesh.

There are dozens of tropical fruits that are found in Mexican markets that are near to impossible to find in other parts of the world.  Vanilla and chocolate are also native to Mexico and have played a valuable role in ancient Mesoamerican cuisine and culture.  We enjoy hot chocolate during the cold winter months thanks largely to Mexico!