Mexico is a fascinating country filled with vibrant culture, beautiful landscapes, and colorful history. We will begin our exploration of Mexico by first discussing some of the basic facts and figures of the country.
Although Mexico is the United States’ southern neighbor, it is often misunderstood, stereotyped, or ignored by most North Americans. Mexico is considered part of North America and is bordered by Belize and Guatemala to the South, and the United States of America to the North.
Mexico’s close proximity to the United States promoted ex-President Porfio Diaz to famously quip, “Pobre Mexico, tan lejos de Dios, tan cerca de Los Estados Unidos!” (“Poor Mexico! So far from God, so close to the United States!”)
The land mass of the country of Mexico consists of 1,972,550 square kilometers (over 761,605 square miles)making it the third largest nation in Latin America. Brazil is the largest, followed by Argentina.
The country is divided into 31 states, and a Federal District (El Distrito Federal). The capital of Mexico is Mexico City (La Ciudad de Mexico) which is found within the Federal District. Locals typically refer to Mexico City as simply “México” or “El D.F.”