Learn About India
Facts and Figures for India
India is a relatively newly independent nation with great diversity within its borders. It is an extremely populous and quite large country. The following are some basic facts about India as a nation
Total area: 3,287,590 sq km (this makes India the 7th largest country in world)
Population: 1,045,845,226 (estimated as of July 2002) This makes India the 2nd most populous country in the world (only China has more).
Religion: There are several religious groups found in India and religion plays an important factor in many Indians’ daily lives. Most people in India are Hindu, but other groups include:
Language: Hindi is the national language, but there are 14 other official languages including: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit.
Hindustani is a variation of Hindi and Urdu and is used widely in Northern India but it is not considered an official language. English is commonly used for political and commercial communication, but is not an official language either.
States & Territories: There are 28 states and 7 union territories that make up the country of India: The states include: Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttaranchal,Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal
The union territories include:
- Andaman and Nicobar Islands
- Dadra and Nagar Haveli
- Daman and Diu
Independence: August 15, 1947 (from Britain). India was ruled by Britain for almost 90 years.
Flag: Three equal horizontal bands of orange (or saffron), white and green with a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) centered in the white band make up the Indian flag. The saffron band represents courage and sacrifice, the white band represents purity and truth and the green band is indicative of faith and fertility. The blue chakra represents the wheel of law used by the first emperor of India, Emperor Ashoka, whose Buddhist beliefs encouraged people of different religions to live together in peace. Some say that the saffron band represents Hinduism and Buddhism, the white represents Jainism and the green symbolizes Islam.
Industry & Agriculture:
The major industries of India include: textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software and film-making (check your local movie store for the “Bollywood” films featuring romances set amid music and dance for a taste of Indian popular culture)
The major agricultural products include: rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, and potatoes
What can you find in your house or local store that was made or grown in India?
Currency: Indian rupee.
One Canadian dollar is worth about 51.28 rupees.
One American dollar is worth about 51.22 rupees.
If you were to convert the money in your piggy bank or savings
account into rupees, how much would you have? How much would it cost to buy your favourite treat?
How about your favourite toy?
Information on India:Facts & Figures
Words & Phrases
Activities & Festivals
Learn About Cultures of the World
Sponsored Ads from Google - We cannot control the content of the Ads, therefore the following Ads may not represent the beliefs of Earthy Family