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Facts & Figures on Haiti
Total area: 27,750 sq km (this makes Haiti the 154th largest country in world)y in world)
Haiti shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)
7,527,817 (estimated as of July 2003) This ranks Haiti as he 93rd most populous country in the world and the 3rd most populous Caribbean nation.
African nature gods are worshiped and vodun (voodoo) rites are practiced by roughly half of the population. Although Voodoo was illegal for many years, it retained a strong following throughout the country and was decriminalized in 2003. Add link to Voodoo section. Catholicism and Protestantism also have a strong following in Haiti and the Catholic belief system often co-exists and blends with the Voodoo religion.
Haiti has two official languages: French and Creole (majority). People also use Haitian Vodoun Culture Language for religion, song and dance. This second language uses some Haitian creole words, and others which may have African or aboriginal influence. This is used as a second language only. To learn some Creole, check out our “Words & Phrases” section.
States & Territories
Haiti also consists of the adjacent islands of La Gonâve, la Tortue, l'Ile à Vâche, les Cayemites, La Navase, la Grande Caye and the other islands of the Territorial Sea;
Port-au-Prince (population approximately 1 million people)
Two equal horizontal bands of blue (on top) and red with a centered white rectangle bearing the coat of arms, which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons above a scroll bearing the motto L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength). The colours are taken from the French Tricolore and represent the union of the black and mulatto populations.
Industry & Agriculture
Haiti is an incredibly poor country and about 80% of the population lives in utter poverty. Nearly 70% of all Haitians depend on the agriculture sector, which consists mainly of small-scale subsistence farming and employs about two-thirds of the economically active work force.
The major industries of Haiti include:
Sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement and light assembly industries based on imported parts.
The major agricultural products include:
Coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, and sorghum
One Canadian dollar is worth about 31.5 Gourde. One American dollar is worth about 40.4 Gourde.